Sep 25, 2017

Shooting An Elephant: Orwell and Imperialism


Authors down the ages have continuously negotiated with the urge to express their concerns with what they find disturbing a certain balance in self or society. For Orwell, this expression is seen in his writings that have stood the test of time. In his essay, “Shooting an Elephant”, written in the form of memoir, he makes no effort to conceal his agitated mind.

Nov 28, 2016

Blake's Songs: A Study of the Contraries and Parallelism

In his attempt to communicate his essential divine vision, William Blake created a poetic world where images are realized in their individual contexts and the contexts are realized in the unique Imagination of the poet. Blake’s philosophy asserts, more than anything else, the contrariety of systems with regard to human soul and other objects of creation. In claiming “without contraries is no progression”, Blake anticipates the duality in human condition that the Twentieth Century philosopher Nietzsche conceptualizes as the Apollonean and the Dionysian aspects of existence. Nowhere is this conception more vividly realized than in Blake’s Songs of Innocence followed by Songs of Experience. Such an intention is clear from his title page that describes the songs as “showing the two contrary states of the human soul”.

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Nov 22, 2016

Satan in Paradise Lost Book I: A Glorified Spirit or a Spirit Reprobate?

Satan fallen from heaven

One of the primary questions that perplexes the readers of Milton's Paradise Lost concerns the poet's delienation of Satan, the chief of the Fallen angels. Throughout the first two or three books of Paradise Lost, it appears as if Satan is the hero of the poem. This is partly because the focus of the poem is all on him. It is also because the first book establishes his strength and struggle. Milton plays against our expectation by spending the first quarter of his epic telling us about the antagonist rather than the protagonist so that by the time we come across Adam and Eve, we are given a profound understanding of the force they are up against.